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In 1228, Governor Abu Zakariya seized power and, a year later, took the title of Emir and founded the Hafsid dynasty.The city became the capital of a Hafsid kingdom stretching towards Tripoli and Fez.All three variations were mentioned by the Greek-Syrian geographer al-Rumi Yaqout in his Mu'jam al-Bûldan (Dictionary of Countries).Different explanations exist for the origin of the name Tunis.From the beginning of the 8th century Tunis was the chef-lieu of the area: it became the Arabs' naval base in the western Mediterranean Sea, and took on considerable military importance.but the city benefited from economic improvements and quickly became the second most important in the kingdom.

While there are a few ancient translations of Punic texts into Greek and Latin, as well as inscriptions on monuments and buildings discovered in Northwest Africa, the main sources are Greek and Roman historians, including Livy, Polybius, Appian, Cornelius Nepos, Silius Italicus, Plutarch, Dio Cassius, and Herodotus.

Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said.

As the capital city of the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life; it is also the centre of the country's commercial and cultural activities.

The Almohad conquest marked the beginning of the dominance of the city in Tunisia.

Having previously played a minor role behind Kairouan and Mahdia, Tunis was promoted to the rank of provincial capital.

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